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Hurricane security tips, preparation, and readiness—details and knowledge

Feared for his or her lashing winds, torrential rains, and inundating storm surges, hurricanes are doubtlessly deadly tempests that may go away intensive harm.

As an instance, think about the 1900 Galveston Hurricane. That formally unnamed Category 4 hurricane claimed between 8,000 and 12,000 lives in Galveston, Texas, and stays the deadliest pure disaster within the historical past of the United States.

Hurricanes 101

Part of the tropical cyclone household, hurricanes happen within the North Atlantic Ocean and within the easternmost components of the Northeast and South Pacific Ocean. Their sister storm, referred to as the “typhoon,” is a tropical cyclone that happens within the Northwest Pacific Ocean, west of the dateline.

Hurricanes pose the best risk to residents in coastal areas like Galveston as a result of they form exclusively over warm ocean waters near the equator. As the new, moist air rises, strain areas between the ocean water and clouds create round currents that spin and develop. Once the storm rolls inland, coastal cities are sometimes their first targets. Hurricane Katrina, which pounded New Orleans and surrounding areas in 2005, is the third-deadliest and costliest hurricane in U.S. historical past.

The extent of a hurricane’s destruction stems from the depth of the storm, in addition to plenty of different components, together with the effectiveness of advance warnings, the presence of defensive buildings like seawalls or mangroves, and the buildings within the space. (Read more about how hurricanes form.)

Measuring the Intensity

The Saffir/Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale teams hurricanes into 5 classes based mostly on wind pace. The rating system was initially created by Herb Saffir and Bob Simpson in the 1970s, and it units the brink for a Category 1 hurricane at 74 miles per hour. A Category 5 hurricane has winds of 157 miles per hour or increased and is taken into account catastrophic, though it’s vital to notice that even Category 1 storms will be lethal, notably attributable to flooding.

One notably highly effective Category 5 hurricane to hit the U.S. was Hurricane Andrew in 1992. That storm struck the Bahamas, Florida, and Louisiana. With 44 hurricane-related deaths and an estimated $26.5 billion in damages, Hurricane Andrew was the most costly U.S. hurricane earlier than Katrina and the deadliest hurricane in Florida earlier than Hurricane Irma stole 123 Floridian lives in 2017.

The top five deadliest hurricanes in the U.S. have been Category 3 hurricanes or stronger.

Communication channels

When the Galveston storm struck in 1900, advisory notices from the U.S. Weather Bureau had been too little, too late.

The National Weather Service admitted a lot later that data on the time was “sketchy” and “little if any knowledge” advised the storm was headed for Texas. Yet meteorologist Al Roker writes that this restricted data got here much less from inadequate expertise than the U.S. Weather Bureau’s refusal to speak with Cuban forecasters following the Spanish-American War. Cuba was a pacesetter in meteorology on the time and was monitoring the storm because it moved over the western a part of that nation.

Had the nations communicated, Roker suggests many lives might have been saved.

Instead, official warnings got to some jap Gulf states and the southern Atlantic coast—however to not Texas. A day earlier than the disaster, September 7, 1900, then-Galveston Weather Bureau Manager Isaac M. Cline raised hurricane warning flags above his company’s constructing. While that wasn’t sufficient to alert everybody, the National Weather Service says “it is likely many more Galveston residents would have died without the warnings.”

These days, extra superior expertise permits meteorologists to foretell a hurricane’s path a couple of week earlier than its arrival. In the U.S., the National Hurricane Center supplies updates on hurricane warnings each six hours on hurricanes.gov, and the company affords open communication with nationwide and native information shops.

Impacting underprivileged communities

When hurricanes strike underprivileged communities, pure disasters can grow to be “man-made,” within the phrases of former President Barack Obama.

Obama advised NPR that Katrina’s harm symbolized “a failure of government to look out for its own citizens,” particularly the low-income and black Americans that had been most affected. (Read more about the impact of Hurricane Katrina.)

That’s partly as a result of cheaper properties are sometimes extra in danger to break, each from much less strong constructing supplies and from areas in much less fascinating areas, reminiscent of on decrease or wetter floor. People of lesser means are much less prone to buy flood or hurricane insurance coverage beforehand. They might also be much less capable of afford evacuation, with many missing their very own autos. And after storms, lower-income individuals typically battle extra to rebuild. Housing costs tend to decline after a natural disaster strikes an space. While rich householders might be able to relocate post-disaster, others might discover themselves trapped in a broken hurricane zone.

What you are able to do to scale back danger from hurricanes

If you reside in a delegated hurricane zone (you’ll be able to uncover this by going to your state authorities web site, like Florida’s Know Your Zone), or if a hurricane warning happens, there are steps you’ll be able to take to guard your self earlier than, throughout, and after a storm.

Before a storm

  • Long earlier than a warning is issued, coastal residents ought to make evacuation plans. Identify a secure shelter that’s probably exterior of hurt’s manner, and a path to get there. This can embody stocking up on emergency provides reminiscent of meals, water, protecting clothes, medicines, batteries, flashlights, vital paperwork, street maps, and a full tank of fuel.
  • The Department of Homeland Security recommends that coastal residents retailer at the least three days price of meals, in anticipation of a hurricane.
  • Charge electronics and hold transportable batteries close by—however don’t assume you’ll have a cell or radio sign in the course of the storm. It might help to buy battery-operated radios for back-up.
  • But, don’t use your phone or handle electrical equipment until obligatory. Because lightning typically follows wires, utilizing a landline or different wired gadget might improve your probabilities of getting electrocuted. Even if you happen to do get cell service, restrict time on the cellphone to unlock circuits for emergency personnel.
  • If you reside in a hurricane zone, put money into everlasting storm shutters for home windows. These will provide the most effective safety and cut back probabilities of shattering. If you don’t have storm shutters, the DHS recommends boarding up home windows with cut-to-fit plywood.
  • It’s additionally a good suggestion to maintain clear such infrastructure as pipes and storm drains, to scale back damages as a lot as doable within the occasion that flooding happens.

During a storm

  • As a storm unfolds, individuals ought to hearken to native authorities on radio or tv. As talked about above, hurricane.gov supplies updates each six hours, and other people may join community alerts.
  • Evacuation routes typically shut as a hurricane develops, which is why it’s strongly suggested to heed all suggestions and go away the world earlier than a storm hits. However, if compelled to climate a storm, take cowl in probably the most safe constructing doable and keep away from home windows.
  • Remember {that a} lull typically signifies the storm’s eye—not its finish. Anyone using out a hurricane ought to await authorities to announce that the hazard has handed.
  • Be good. Although devoted professionals and improved expertise have made hurricane forecasting extra correct than ever earlier than—it’s removed from exact. If you are feeling unsafe in a hurricane-prone space, take cowl.

After a storm

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A Category 5 hurricane has winds of 157 miles per hour or higher and is considered catastrophic, although it’s important to note that even Category 1 storms can be deadly, particularly due to flooding.”,”type”:”p”,{“id”:”inline-2″,”cntnt”:”aspectRatio”:”3×2″,”cmsType”:”photogallery”,”id”:”inline-2″,”media”:[“caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by Jim Reed, National Geographic”,”text”:”

A supercell thunderstorm strikes in South Dakota. Among the most severe storms, supercells can bring strong winds, hail, and even tornadoes. (See more extreme weather pictures.)

n”,”title”:”Lightning Strikes”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.5003663003663004,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/35d356ad-abb3-4e84-a1c9-9d08544ef6a6/14extremeweather.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/35d356ad-abb3-4e84-a1c9-9d08544ef6a6/14extremeweather_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/35d356ad-abb3-4e84-a1c9-9d08544ef6a6/14extremeweather_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/35d356ad-abb3-4e84-a1c9-9d08544ef6a6/14extremeweather_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/35d356ad-abb3-4e84-a1c9-9d08544ef6a6/14extremeweather_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/35d356ad-abb3-4e84-a1c9-9d08544ef6a6/14extremeweather_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/35d356ad-abb3-4e84-a1c9-9d08544ef6a6/14extremeweather_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/35d356ad-abb3-4e84-a1c9-9d08544ef6a6/14extremeweather_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/35d356ad-abb3-4e84-a1c9-9d08544ef6a6/14extremeweather”,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/35d356ad-abb3-4e84-a1c9-9d08544ef6a6/14extremeweather.jpg”,”altText”:”

A supercell thunderstorm strikes in South Dakota. Among the most severe storms, supercells can bring strong winds, hail, and even tornadoes. (See more extreme weather pictures.)

n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Jim Reed, National Geographic”,”dsc”:”Lightning striking beneath a picturesque supercell thunderstorm”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”14extremeweather”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by B. Anthony Stewart, Nat Geo Image Collection”,”text”:”

A gondola carries skiers to the top of Lincoln Peak in Green Mountain National Forest, Vermont. This icy scene ran in a 1967 issue of National Geographic.

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A gondola carries skiers to the top of Lincoln Peak in Green Mountain National Forest, Vermont. This icy scene ran in a 1967 issue of National Geographic.

n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by B. Anthony Stewart, Nat Geo Image Collection”,”dsc”:”A gondola from Sugarbush Resort takes skiers to the top of a peak.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”02extremeweather”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by Bruce Dale, National Geographic”,”text”:”

A man rides through four inches of rain in downtown Nairobi, Kenya, in this photo from a 1969 issue of National Geographic.

n”,”title”:”A Hard Rain”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.4808387563268257,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/17cfd0b2-8f79-4d16-997b-2b9b89df63b3/03extremeweather.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/17cfd0b2-8f79-4d16-997b-2b9b89df63b3/03extremeweather_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/17cfd0b2-8f79-4d16-997b-2b9b89df63b3/03extremeweather_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/17cfd0b2-8f79-4d16-997b-2b9b89df63b3/03extremeweather_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/17cfd0b2-8f79-4d16-997b-2b9b89df63b3/03extremeweather_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/17cfd0b2-8f79-4d16-997b-2b9b89df63b3/03extremeweather_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/17cfd0b2-8f79-4d16-997b-2b9b89df63b3/03extremeweather_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/17cfd0b2-8f79-4d16-997b-2b9b89df63b3/03extremeweather_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/17cfd0b2-8f79-4d16-997b-2b9b89df63b3/03extremeweather”,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/17cfd0b2-8f79-4d16-997b-2b9b89df63b3/03extremeweather.jpg”,”altText”:”

A man rides through four inches of rain in downtown Nairobi, Kenya, in this photo from a 1969 issue of National Geographic.

n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Bruce Dale, National Geographic”,”dsc”:”Man holding umbrella rides bike in traffic during afternoon rain.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”03extremeweather”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by Steve McCurry, Nat Geo Image Collection”,”text”:”

Women shield themselves against strong winds that precede the monsoon in Rajasthan, India, in this 1984 National Geographic photo.

n”,”title”:”Wind First, Then Rain”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.501466275659824,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/04bac9a7-873f-49d3-87c8-77afc125b015/04extremeweather.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/04bac9a7-873f-49d3-87c8-77afc125b015/04extremeweather_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/04bac9a7-873f-49d3-87c8-77afc125b015/04extremeweather_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/04bac9a7-873f-49d3-87c8-77afc125b015/04extremeweather_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/04bac9a7-873f-49d3-87c8-77afc125b015/04extremeweather_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/04bac9a7-873f-49d3-87c8-77afc125b015/04extremeweather_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/04bac9a7-873f-49d3-87c8-77afc125b015/04extremeweather_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/04bac9a7-873f-49d3-87c8-77afc125b015/04extremeweather_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/04bac9a7-873f-49d3-87c8-77afc125b015/04extremeweather”,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/04bac9a7-873f-49d3-87c8-77afc125b015/04extremeweather.jpg”,”altText”:”

Women shield themselves against strong winds that precede the monsoon in Rajasthan, India, in this 1984 National Geographic photo.

n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Steve McCurry, Nat Geo Image Collection”,”dsc”:”gritty winds sear the plains of Rajasthan as women seek scant shelter in the lee of a tree.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”04extremeweather”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by Jim Richardson, Nat Geo Image Collection”,”text”:”

Lightning strikes the Sand Hills of Ogallala, Nebraska, in 1990.

n”,”title”:”Purple Rain”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.5103244837758112,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/f97b41f6-c1a2-443a-b9d8-531d2c7a9c3a/05extremeweather.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/f97b41f6-c1a2-443a-b9d8-531d2c7a9c3a/05extremeweather_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/f97b41f6-c1a2-443a-b9d8-531d2c7a9c3a/05extremeweather_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/f97b41f6-c1a2-443a-b9d8-531d2c7a9c3a/05extremeweather_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/f97b41f6-c1a2-443a-b9d8-531d2c7a9c3a/05extremeweather_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/f97b41f6-c1a2-443a-b9d8-531d2c7a9c3a/05extremeweather_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/f97b41f6-c1a2-443a-b9d8-531d2c7a9c3a/05extremeweather_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/f97b41f6-c1a2-443a-b9d8-531d2c7a9c3a/05extremeweather_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/f97b41f6-c1a2-443a-b9d8-531d2c7a9c3a/05extremeweather”,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/f97b41f6-c1a2-443a-b9d8-531d2c7a9c3a/05extremeweather.jpg”,”altText”:”

Lightning strikes the Sand Hills of Ogallala, Nebraska, in 1990.

n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Jim Richardson, Nat Geo Image Collection”,”dsc”:”A storm with lightning in the Sand Hills area of Nebraska.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”05extremeweather”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by Jim Richardson, Nat Geo Image Collection”,”text”:”

Farmers watch growing storm clouds in the Sand Hills of Ogallala, Nebraska, in 2003.

n”,”title”:”Waiting for the Storm”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.5574144486692014,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/1b20d6c0-3ed1-4548-93c9-879e96e20b41/06extremeweather.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/1b20d6c0-3ed1-4548-93c9-879e96e20b41/06extremeweather_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/1b20d6c0-3ed1-4548-93c9-879e96e20b41/06extremeweather_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/1b20d6c0-3ed1-4548-93c9-879e96e20b41/06extremeweather_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/1b20d6c0-3ed1-4548-93c9-879e96e20b41/06extremeweather_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/1b20d6c0-3ed1-4548-93c9-879e96e20b41/06extremeweather_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/1b20d6c0-3ed1-4548-93c9-879e96e20b41/06extremeweather_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/1b20d6c0-3ed1-4548-93c9-879e96e20b41/06extremeweather_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/1b20d6c0-3ed1-4548-93c9-879e96e20b41/06extremeweather”,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/1b20d6c0-3ed1-4548-93c9-879e96e20b41/06extremeweather.jpg”,”altText”:”

Farmers watch growing storm clouds in the Sand Hills of Ogallala, Nebraska, in 2003.

n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Jim Richardson, Nat Geo Image Collection”,”dsc”:”A thunderstorm halts haying as two farmers watch the sky.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”06extremeweather”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by Randy Olson, Nat Geo Image Collection”,”text”:”

Rain clouds roll over a caramel-colored river in Wyndham, Australia.

n”,”title”:”An Encroaching Storm”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.501466275659824,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/cc39de58-1f7c-4f37-b888-7fe97cc96408/07extremeweather.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/cc39de58-1f7c-4f37-b888-7fe97cc96408/07extremeweather_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/cc39de58-1f7c-4f37-b888-7fe97cc96408/07extremeweather_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/cc39de58-1f7c-4f37-b888-7fe97cc96408/07extremeweather_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/cc39de58-1f7c-4f37-b888-7fe97cc96408/07extremeweather_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/cc39de58-1f7c-4f37-b888-7fe97cc96408/07extremeweather_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/cc39de58-1f7c-4f37-b888-7fe97cc96408/07extremeweather_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/cc39de58-1f7c-4f37-b888-7fe97cc96408/07extremeweather_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/cc39de58-1f7c-4f37-b888-7fe97cc96408/07extremeweather”,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/cc39de58-1f7c-4f37-b888-7fe97cc96408/07extremeweather.jpg”,”altText”:”

Rain clouds roll over a caramel-colored river in Wyndham, Australia.

n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Randy Olson, Nat Geo Image Collection”,”dsc”:”An aerial view of a coffee-colored river with rain in distance.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”07extremeweather”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by Mike Theiss, Nat Geo Image Collection”,”text”:”

Hurricane Dennis whipped Key West, Florida, with winds up to 90 miles an hour in 2005.

n”,”title”:”No Exit”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.5003663003663004,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/48de59f7-9324-454e-b07a-2e10949f5363/08extremeweather.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/48de59f7-9324-454e-b07a-2e10949f5363/08extremeweather_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/48de59f7-9324-454e-b07a-2e10949f5363/08extremeweather_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/48de59f7-9324-454e-b07a-2e10949f5363/08extremeweather_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/48de59f7-9324-454e-b07a-2e10949f5363/08extremeweather_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/48de59f7-9324-454e-b07a-2e10949f5363/08extremeweather_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/48de59f7-9324-454e-b07a-2e10949f5363/08extremeweather_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/48de59f7-9324-454e-b07a-2e10949f5363/08extremeweather_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/48de59f7-9324-454e-b07a-2e10949f5363/08extremeweather”,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/48de59f7-9324-454e-b07a-2e10949f5363/08extremeweather.jpg”,”altText”:”

Hurricane Dennis whipped Key West, Florida, with winds up to 90 miles an hour in 2005.

n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Mike Theiss, Nat Geo Image Collection”,”dsc”:”Hurricane Dennis causing havoc in Key West, Florida.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”08extremeweather”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by David Burnett, Nat Geo Image Collection”,”text”:”

This photo from a 2006 issue of National Geographic shows Hurricane Rita’s destruction in Holly Beach, Louisiana. The vacation spot was completely leveled by the storm.

n”,”title”:”After the Storm”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:2.1671957671957673,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/fcaf4079-414f-44eb-8ce4-3056aa38d3f3/09extremeweather.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/fcaf4079-414f-44eb-8ce4-3056aa38d3f3/09extremeweather_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/fcaf4079-414f-44eb-8ce4-3056aa38d3f3/09extremeweather_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/fcaf4079-414f-44eb-8ce4-3056aa38d3f3/09extremeweather_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/fcaf4079-414f-44eb-8ce4-3056aa38d3f3/09extremeweather_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/fcaf4079-414f-44eb-8ce4-3056aa38d3f3/09extremeweather_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/fcaf4079-414f-44eb-8ce4-3056aa38d3f3/09extremeweather_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/fcaf4079-414f-44eb-8ce4-3056aa38d3f3/09extremeweather_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/fcaf4079-414f-44eb-8ce4-3056aa38d3f3/09extremeweather”,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/fcaf4079-414f-44eb-8ce4-3056aa38d3f3/09extremeweather.jpg”,”altText”:”

This photo from a 2006 issue of National Geographic shows Hurricane Rita’s destruction in Holly Beach, Louisiana. The vacation spot was completely leveled by the storm.

n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by David Burnett, Nat Geo Image Collection”,”dsc”:”Damage from Hurricane Rita to Holly Beach.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”09extremeweather”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by Jonas Bendiksen, Nat Geo Image Collection”,”text”:”

A rainstorm drenches the streets of Dharavi, India, in 2006.

n”,”title”:”Pouring Rain”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.501466275659824,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/080706de-9dd3-4ed1-b8ad-29c2f29d6040/10extremeweather.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/080706de-9dd3-4ed1-b8ad-29c2f29d6040/10extremeweather_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/080706de-9dd3-4ed1-b8ad-29c2f29d6040/10extremeweather_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/080706de-9dd3-4ed1-b8ad-29c2f29d6040/10extremeweather_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/080706de-9dd3-4ed1-b8ad-29c2f29d6040/10extremeweather_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/080706de-9dd3-4ed1-b8ad-29c2f29d6040/10extremeweather_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/080706de-9dd3-4ed1-b8ad-29c2f29d6040/10extremeweather_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/080706de-9dd3-4ed1-b8ad-29c2f29d6040/10extremeweather_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/080706de-9dd3-4ed1-b8ad-29c2f29d6040/10extremeweather”,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/080706de-9dd3-4ed1-b8ad-29c2f29d6040/10extremeweather.jpg”,”altText”:”

A rainstorm drenches the streets of Dharavi, India, in 2006.

n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Jonas Bendiksen, Nat Geo Image Collection”,”dsc”:”Dharavi, India. Legend: A hard rain drenches the streets of Dharavi. SPI: 1064462 CC: 39 ($25)”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”10extremeweather”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by Jim Richardson, Nat Geo Image Collection”,”text”:”

A thunderstorm pelts the Flint Hills in Strong City, Kansas.

n”,”title”:”Afternoon Storm”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.501466275659824,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/f3bea7ef-76d1-40cd-883d-853c1af329b6/11extremeweather.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/f3bea7ef-76d1-40cd-883d-853c1af329b6/11extremeweather_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/f3bea7ef-76d1-40cd-883d-853c1af329b6/11extremeweather_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/f3bea7ef-76d1-40cd-883d-853c1af329b6/11extremeweather_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/f3bea7ef-76d1-40cd-883d-853c1af329b6/11extremeweather_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/f3bea7ef-76d1-40cd-883d-853c1af329b6/11extremeweather_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/f3bea7ef-76d1-40cd-883d-853c1af329b6/11extremeweather_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/f3bea7ef-76d1-40cd-883d-853c1af329b6/11extremeweather_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/f3bea7ef-76d1-40cd-883d-853c1af329b6/11extremeweather”,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/f3bea7ef-76d1-40cd-883d-853c1af329b6/11extremeweather.jpg”,”altText”:”

A thunderstorm pelts the Flint Hills in Strong City, Kansas.

n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Jim Richardson, Nat Geo Image Collection”,”dsc”:”An afternoon thunderstorm coming through the Flint Hills.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”11extremeweather”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by Michael Yamashita, Nat Geo Image Collection”,”text”:”

Yaks graze during a spring snowstorm along the Yalong River in China.

n”,”title”:”A Spring Snowfall”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.499267935578331,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/5ef8ea33-9d73-43e9-a5a4-f6de92137c3a/12extremeweather.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/5ef8ea33-9d73-43e9-a5a4-f6de92137c3a/12extremeweather_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/5ef8ea33-9d73-43e9-a5a4-f6de92137c3a/12extremeweather_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/5ef8ea33-9d73-43e9-a5a4-f6de92137c3a/12extremeweather_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/5ef8ea33-9d73-43e9-a5a4-f6de92137c3a/12extremeweather_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/5ef8ea33-9d73-43e9-a5a4-f6de92137c3a/12extremeweather_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/5ef8ea33-9d73-43e9-a5a4-f6de92137c3a/12extremeweather_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/5ef8ea33-9d73-43e9-a5a4-f6de92137c3a/12extremeweather_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/5ef8ea33-9d73-43e9-a5a4-f6de92137c3a/12extremeweather”,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/5ef8ea33-9d73-43e9-a5a4-f6de92137c3a/12extremeweather.jpg”,”altText”:”

Yaks graze during a spring snowstorm along the Yalong River in China.

n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Michael Yamashita, Nat Geo Image Collection”,”dsc”:”Sichuan: Scenes along Za Chu (Yalong River) enroute to Sersul on tea road to Qinghai. Yaks graze during spring snowstorm. Yak butter is an essential ingredient in making the Tibetan style of tea.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”12extremeweather”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by John Burnett, National Geographic”,”text”:”

Sledders climb a hill during a snowstorm in Flagstaff, Arizona.

n”,”title”:”Whiteout”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.526080476900149,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/bcd508cf-b5fd-42b8-bab9-ee00dd706eef/13extremeweather.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/bcd508cf-b5fd-42b8-bab9-ee00dd706eef/13extremeweather_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/bcd508cf-b5fd-42b8-bab9-ee00dd706eef/13extremeweather_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/bcd508cf-b5fd-42b8-bab9-ee00dd706eef/13extremeweather_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/bcd508cf-b5fd-42b8-bab9-ee00dd706eef/13extremeweather_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/bcd508cf-b5fd-42b8-bab9-ee00dd706eef/13extremeweather_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/bcd508cf-b5fd-42b8-bab9-ee00dd706eef/13extremeweather_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/bcd508cf-b5fd-42b8-bab9-ee00dd706eef/13extremeweather_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/bcd508cf-b5fd-42b8-bab9-ee00dd706eef/13extremeweather”,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/bcd508cf-b5fd-42b8-bab9-ee00dd706eef/13extremeweather.jpg”,”altText”:”

Sledders climb a hill during a snowstorm in Flagstaff, Arizona.

n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by John Burnett, National Geographic”,”dsc”:”In Flagstaff, Arizona, people sledding during a snowstorm.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”13extremeweather”],”disableFullscreen”:true,”hideTitle”:false,”hideDek”:false,”align”:”contentWidth”,”size”:”small”,”theme”:”light”,”type”:”inline”},”id”:”html8″,”cntnt”:”mrkup”:”One particularly powerful Category 5 hurricane to hit the U.S. was Hurricane Andrew in 1992. That storm struck the Bahamas, Florida, and Louisiana. With 44 hurricane-related deaths and an estimated $26.5 billion in damages, Hurricane Andrew was the costliest U.S. hurricane before Katrina and the deadliest hurricane in Florida before Hurricane Irma stole 123 Floridian lives in 2017.”,”type”:”p”,”id”:”html9″,”cntnt”:”mrkup”:”The top five deadliest hurricanes in the U.S. have been Category 3 hurricanes or stronger.”,”type”:”p”,”id”:”html10″,”cntnt”:”mrkup”:”Communication channels“,”type”:”h2″,”id”:”html11″,”cntnt”:”mrkup”:”When the Galveston storm struck in 1900, advisory notices from the U.S. Weather Bureau were too little, too late.”,”type”:”p”,”id”:”html12″,”cntnt”:”mrkup”:”The National Weather Service admitted much later that information at the time was “sketchy” and “little if any knowledge” suggested the storm was headed for Texas. Yet meteorologist Al Roker writes that this limited information came less from insufficient technology than the U.S. Weather Bureau’s refusal to communicate with Cuban forecasters following the Spanish-American War. Cuba was a leader in meteorology at the time and was tracking the storm as it moved over the western part of that country.”,”type”:”p”,”id”:”inline-3″,”cntnt”:”id”:”inline-3″,”image”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/0748d4fe-cc1a-4a60-b4a8-d6e9a383eac2/81ce6082-65dd-4a51-a960-ee0ab719ead1.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/0748d4fe-cc1a-4a60-b4a8-d6e9a383eac2/81ce6082-65dd-4a51-a960-ee0ab719ead1_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/0748d4fe-cc1a-4a60-b4a8-d6e9a383eac2/81ce6082-65dd-4a51-a960-ee0ab719ead1_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/0748d4fe-cc1a-4a60-b4a8-d6e9a383eac2/81ce6082-65dd-4a51-a960-ee0ab719ead1_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/0748d4fe-cc1a-4a60-b4a8-d6e9a383eac2/81ce6082-65dd-4a51-a960-ee0ab719ead1_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/0748d4fe-cc1a-4a60-b4a8-d6e9a383eac2/81ce6082-65dd-4a51-a960-ee0ab719ead1_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/0748d4fe-cc1a-4a60-b4a8-d6e9a383eac2/81ce6082-65dd-4a51-a960-ee0ab719ead1_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/0748d4fe-cc1a-4a60-b4a8-d6e9a383eac2/81ce6082-65dd-4a51-a960-ee0ab719ead1_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/0748d4fe-cc1a-4a60-b4a8-d6e9a383eac2/81ce6082-65dd-4a51-a960-ee0ab719ead1″,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/0748d4fe-cc1a-4a60-b4a8-d6e9a383eac2/81ce6082-65dd-4a51-a960-ee0ab719ead1.jpg”,”altText”:”Galveston Hurricane of 1900″,”ext”:”jpg”,”cmsType”:”video”,”lines”:3,”positionMetaBottom”:true,”pId”:”67ca8ab0-8952-4d8d-8f2e-733eca198044″,”imgSrc”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/0748d4fe-cc1a-4a60-b4a8-d6e9a383eac2/81ce6082-65dd-4a51-a960-ee0ab719ead1.jpg”,”align”:”contentWidth”,”autoplay”:true,”duration”:”1:02″,”pblshDt”:”2013-12-21T04:15:59.000Z”,”ratio”:”16×9″,”rwDur”:62015,”slideTitle”:”Galveston Hurricane of 1900″,”title”:”Galveston Hurricane of 1900″,”size”:”small”,”type”:”inline”,”id”:”html13″,”cntnt”:”mrkup”:”Had the nations communicated, Roker suggests many lives could have been saved.”,”type”:”p”,”id”:”html14″,”cntnt”:”mrkup”:”Instead, official warnings were given to some eastern Gulf states and the southern Atlantic coast—but not to Texas. A day before the disaster, September 7, 1900, then-Galveston Weather Bureau Manager Isaac M. Cline raised hurricane warning flags above his agency’s building. While that wasn’t enough to alert everyone, the National Weather Service says “it is likely many more Galveston residents would have died without the warnings.””,”type”:”p”,”id”:”html15″,”cntnt”:”mrkup”:”These days, more advanced technology allows meteorologists to predict a hurricane’s path about a week before its arrival. In the U.S., the National Hurricane Center provides updates on hurricane warnings every six hours on hurricanes.gov, and the agency offers open communication with national and local news outlets.”,”type”:”p”,”id”:”html16″,”cntnt”:”mrkup”:”Impacting underprivileged communities“,”type”:”h2″,”id”:”html17″,”cntnt”:”mrkup”:”When hurricanes strike underprivileged communities, natural disasters can become “man-made,” in the words of former President Barack Obama.”,”type”:”p”,”id”:”html18″,”cntnt”:”mrkup”:”Obama told NPR that Katrina’s damage symbolized “a failure of government to look out for its own citizens,” especially the low-income and black Americans that were most affected. (Read more about the impact of Hurricane Katrina.)”,”type”:”p”,”id”:”html19″,”cntnt”:”mrkup”:”That’s partly because cheaper homes are often more at risk to damage, both from less robust building materials and from locations in less desirable areas, such as on lower or wetter ground. People of lesser means are less likely to purchase flood or hurricane insurance beforehand. They may also be less able to afford evacuation, with many lacking their own vehicles. And after storms, lower-income people often struggle more to rebuild. Housing prices tend to decline after a natural disaster strikes an area. While wealthy homeowners may be able to relocate post-disaster, others may find themselves trapped in a damaged hurricane zone.”,”type”:”p”,”id”:”html20″,”cntnt”:”mrkup”:”What you can do to reduce risk from hurricanes“,”type”:”h2″,”id”:”html21″,”cntnt”:”mrkup”:”If you live in a designated hurricane zone (you can discover this by going to your state government website, like Florida’s Know Your Zone), or if a hurricane warning occurs, there are steps you can take to protect yourself before, during, and after a storm.”,”type”:”p”,”id”:”html22″,”cntnt”:”mrkup”:”Before a storm”,”type”:”p”,”id”:”html23″,”cntnt”:”mrkup”:”

  • Long before a warning is issued, coastal residents should make evacuation plans. Identify a safe shelter that is likely outside of harm’s way, and a route to get there. This can include stocking up on emergency supplies such as food, water, protective clothing, medications, batteries, flashlights, important documents, road maps, and a full tank of gas.
  • The Department of Homeland Security recommends that coastal residents store at least three days worth of food, in anticipation of a hurricane.
  • Charge electronics and keep portable batteries nearby—but don’t assume you will have a cell or radio signal during the storm. It can help to purchase battery-operated radios for back-up.
  • But, don’t use your phone or handle electrical equipment unless necessary. Because lightning often follows wires, using a landline or other wired device could increase your chances of getting electrocuted. Even if you do get cell service, limit time on the phone to free up circuits for emergency personnel.
  • If you live in a hurricane zone, invest in permanent storm shutters for windows. These will offer the best protection and reduce chances of shattering. If you don’t have storm shutters, the DHS recommends boarding up windows with cut-to-fit plywood.
  • It’s also a good idea to keep clean such infrastructure as pipes and storm drains, to reduce damages as much as possible in the event that flooding occurs.
  • “,”type”:”ul”,{“id”:”inline-4″,”cntnt”:”aspectRatio”:”3×2″,”cmsType”:”photogallery”,”id”:”inline-4″,”media”:[“caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by Erin Trieb, National Geographic”,”text”:”

    National Geographic photographer Erin Trieb photographed floodwaters at the intersection of Highway 610 and Evergreen Street in Bellaire, Texas, after evacuating her family during Hurricane Harvey.

    n”,”title”:”04-erin-trieb-hurricane-harvey”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.5003663003663004,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aaeca38e-4157-4bf2-9953-b99e551e0c46/04-erin-trieb-hurricane-harvey.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aaeca38e-4157-4bf2-9953-b99e551e0c46/04-erin-trieb-hurricane-harvey_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aaeca38e-4157-4bf2-9953-b99e551e0c46/04-erin-trieb-hurricane-harvey_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aaeca38e-4157-4bf2-9953-b99e551e0c46/04-erin-trieb-hurricane-harvey_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aaeca38e-4157-4bf2-9953-b99e551e0c46/04-erin-trieb-hurricane-harvey_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aaeca38e-4157-4bf2-9953-b99e551e0c46/04-erin-trieb-hurricane-harvey_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aaeca38e-4157-4bf2-9953-b99e551e0c46/04-erin-trieb-hurricane-harvey_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aaeca38e-4157-4bf2-9953-b99e551e0c46/04-erin-trieb-hurricane-harvey_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aaeca38e-4157-4bf2-9953-b99e551e0c46/04-erin-trieb-hurricane-harvey”,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aaeca38e-4157-4bf2-9953-b99e551e0c46/04-erin-trieb-hurricane-harvey.jpg”,”altText”:”

    National Geographic photographer Erin Trieb photographed floodwaters at the intersection of Highway 610 and Evergreen Street in Bellaire, Texas, after evacuating her family during Hurricane Harvey.

    n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Erin Trieb, National Geographic”,”dsc”:”Flood waters at the intersection of Highway 610 and Evergreen Street in Bellaire, Texas on August 27.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”04-erin-trieb-hurricane-harvey”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph courtesy NASA/GSFC”,”text”:”

    An aerial photo shows Hurricane Ivan over the Gulf of Mexico.

    n”,”title”:”Hurricane Ivan”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.332436069986541,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/9df8193d-3bad-4e5d-bbb9-266adfa3b7b5/200.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/9df8193d-3bad-4e5d-bbb9-266adfa3b7b5/200_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/9df8193d-3bad-4e5d-bbb9-266adfa3b7b5/200_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/9df8193d-3bad-4e5d-bbb9-266adfa3b7b5/200_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/9df8193d-3bad-4e5d-bbb9-266adfa3b7b5/200_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/9df8193d-3bad-4e5d-bbb9-266adfa3b7b5/200_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/9df8193d-3bad-4e5d-bbb9-266adfa3b7b5/200_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/9df8193d-3bad-4e5d-bbb9-266adfa3b7b5/200_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/9df8193d-3bad-4e5d-bbb9-266adfa3b7b5/200″,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/9df8193d-3bad-4e5d-bbb9-266adfa3b7b5/200.jpg”,”altText”:”

    An aerial photo shows Hurricane Ivan over the Gulf of Mexico.

    n”,”crdt”:”Photograph courtesy NASA/GSFC”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”Hurricane Ivan”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by Tyrone Turner, National Geographic”,”text”:”

    Hurricane Katrina’s 175-mile- (280-kilometer-) an-hour winds and accompanying storm surge damaged some seaside homes and erased others on Alabama’s Dauphin Island. The island is about 68 miles (110 kilometers) east of where the hurricane’s eye made landfall.

    n”,”title”:”Homes Destroyed by Katrina”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.332436069986541,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/8ed9f724-e5e8-40b9-a661-07568abea3b3/21804.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/8ed9f724-e5e8-40b9-a661-07568abea3b3/21804_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/8ed9f724-e5e8-40b9-a661-07568abea3b3/21804_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/8ed9f724-e5e8-40b9-a661-07568abea3b3/21804_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/8ed9f724-e5e8-40b9-a661-07568abea3b3/21804_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/8ed9f724-e5e8-40b9-a661-07568abea3b3/21804_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/8ed9f724-e5e8-40b9-a661-07568abea3b3/21804_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/8ed9f724-e5e8-40b9-a661-07568abea3b3/21804_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/8ed9f724-e5e8-40b9-a661-07568abea3b3/21804″,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/8ed9f724-e5e8-40b9-a661-07568abea3b3/21804.jpg”,”altText”:”

    Hurricane Katrina’s 175-mile- (280-kilometer-) an-hour winds and accompanying storm surge damaged some seaside homes and erased others on Alabama’s Dauphin Island. The island is about 68 miles (110 kilometers) east of where the hurricane’s eye made landfall.

    n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Tyrone Turner, National Geographic”,”dsc”:”Hurricane Katrina’s 175-mile-per-hour (280-kilometer-per-hour) winds and accompanying storm surge damaged some seaside homes and erased others on Alabama’s Dauphin Island. The island is about 68 miles (110 kilometers) east of where the hurricane’s eye made landfall.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”Homes Destroyed by Katrina”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by Annie Griffiths Belt, National Geographic”,”text”:”

    A Corpus Christi resident surveys storm damage as Hurricane Allen pelts the Texas coast in 1980. Tropical storms need warm water, moist air and converging equatorial winds to become hurricanes.

    n”,”title”:”Hurricane Allen”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.332436069986541,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/a6bf3f57-d8d2-475a-bd4e-01a1d22b4c18/21805.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/a6bf3f57-d8d2-475a-bd4e-01a1d22b4c18/21805_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/a6bf3f57-d8d2-475a-bd4e-01a1d22b4c18/21805_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/a6bf3f57-d8d2-475a-bd4e-01a1d22b4c18/21805_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/a6bf3f57-d8d2-475a-bd4e-01a1d22b4c18/21805_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/a6bf3f57-d8d2-475a-bd4e-01a1d22b4c18/21805_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/a6bf3f57-d8d2-475a-bd4e-01a1d22b4c18/21805_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/a6bf3f57-d8d2-475a-bd4e-01a1d22b4c18/21805_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/a6bf3f57-d8d2-475a-bd4e-01a1d22b4c18/21805″,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/a6bf3f57-d8d2-475a-bd4e-01a1d22b4c18/21805.jpg”,”altText”:”

    A Corpus Christi resident surveys storm damage as Hurricane Allen pelts the Texas coast in 1980. Tropical storms need warm water, moist air and converging equatorial winds to become hurricanes.

    n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Annie Griffiths Belt, National Geographic”,”dsc”:”A Corpus Christi resident surveys storm damage as Hurricane Allen pelts the Texas coast in 1980. Tropical storms need warm water, moist air, and converging equatorial winds to become hurricanes.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”Hurricane Allen”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by Joel Sartore, National Geographic”,”text”:”

    Parts of Homestead, Florida, lie in ruins after Hurricane Andrew tore through the area with Category 5 winds in August 1992. Those wind speeds has now been surpassed, but at the time, Andrew was the most destructive U.S. hurricane on record, inflicting $26.5 billion in damage. Its winds topped 164 miles (264 kilometers) an hour, easily passing the Category 5 threshold of sustained winds greater than 155 miles (249 kilometers) an hour.

    n”,”title”:”Hurricane Andrew, Florida”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.332436069986541,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/1cf9dc3e-149e-40fe-a5bb-e8a6a8de3c31/21806.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/1cf9dc3e-149e-40fe-a5bb-e8a6a8de3c31/21806_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/1cf9dc3e-149e-40fe-a5bb-e8a6a8de3c31/21806_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/1cf9dc3e-149e-40fe-a5bb-e8a6a8de3c31/21806_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/1cf9dc3e-149e-40fe-a5bb-e8a6a8de3c31/21806_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/1cf9dc3e-149e-40fe-a5bb-e8a6a8de3c31/21806_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/1cf9dc3e-149e-40fe-a5bb-e8a6a8de3c31/21806_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/1cf9dc3e-149e-40fe-a5bb-e8a6a8de3c31/21806_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/1cf9dc3e-149e-40fe-a5bb-e8a6a8de3c31/21806″,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/1cf9dc3e-149e-40fe-a5bb-e8a6a8de3c31/21806.jpg”,”altText”:”

    Parts of Homestead, Florida, lie in ruins after Hurricane Andrew tore through the area with Category 5 winds in August 1992. Those wind speeds has now been surpassed, but at the time, Andrew was the most destructive U.S. hurricane on record, inflicting $26.5 billion in damage. Its winds topped 164 miles (264 kilometers) an hour, easily passing the Category 5 threshold of sustained winds greater than 155 miles (249 kilometers) an hour.

    n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Joel Sartore, National Geographic”,”dsc”:”Parts of Homestead, Florida, lie in ruins after Hurricane Andrew tore through the area with Category 5 winds in August 1992. Now second to Katrina, Andrew was the most destructive U.S. hurricane on record, inflicting $26.5 billion in damage. Its winds topped 164 miles per hour (264 kilometers per hour), easily passing the Category 5 threshold of sustained winds greater than 155 miles per hour (249 kilometers per hour).”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”Hurricane Andrew, Florida”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph courtesy NOAA”,”text”:”

    After slicing through violent wind, rain, hail, and updrafts, a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration P-3 plane flies in the calm eye of Hurricane Caroline. P-3s fly into hurricanes at low altitudes to measure storm structure and intensity. Other specially equipped NOAA aircraft collect meteorological data from the upper atmosphere surrounding hurricanes for forecasting purposes.

    n”,”title”:”Flying Through Hurricane’s Eye”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.332436069986541,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/10115b17-384f-4782-a238-22de6376fec8/21807.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/10115b17-384f-4782-a238-22de6376fec8/21807_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/10115b17-384f-4782-a238-22de6376fec8/21807_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/10115b17-384f-4782-a238-22de6376fec8/21807_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/10115b17-384f-4782-a238-22de6376fec8/21807_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/10115b17-384f-4782-a238-22de6376fec8/21807_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/10115b17-384f-4782-a238-22de6376fec8/21807_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/10115b17-384f-4782-a238-22de6376fec8/21807_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/10115b17-384f-4782-a238-22de6376fec8/21807″,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/10115b17-384f-4782-a238-22de6376fec8/21807.jpg”,”altText”:”

    After slicing through violent wind, rain, hail, and updrafts, a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration P-3 plane flies in the calm eye of Hurricane Caroline. P-3s fly into hurricanes at low altitudes to measure storm structure and intensity. Other specially equipped NOAA aircraft collect meteorological data from the upper atmosphere surrounding hurricanes for forecasting purposes.

    n”,”crdt”:”Photograph courtesy NOAA”,”dsc”:”After slicing through violent wind, rain, hail, and updrafts, a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration P-3 plane flies in the calm eye of Hurricane Caroline. P-3s fly into hurricanes at low altitudes to measure storm structure and intensity. Other specially equipped NOAA aircraft collect meteorological data from the upper atmosphere surrounding hurricanes for forecasting purposes.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”Flying Through Hurricane’s Eye”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by James P. Blair, National Geographic”,”text”:”

    Two daring beachgoers brave hurricane-driven surf in North Palm Beach, Florida. Hurricanes that hit the U.S. East Coast typically form over the tropics between June and November.

    n”,”title”:”Hurricane Surf”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.332436069986541,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/2c3807cc-6dc9-450a-8fdc-dadc5398a23f/21808.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/2c3807cc-6dc9-450a-8fdc-dadc5398a23f/21808_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/2c3807cc-6dc9-450a-8fdc-dadc5398a23f/21808_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/2c3807cc-6dc9-450a-8fdc-dadc5398a23f/21808_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/2c3807cc-6dc9-450a-8fdc-dadc5398a23f/21808_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/2c3807cc-6dc9-450a-8fdc-dadc5398a23f/21808_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/2c3807cc-6dc9-450a-8fdc-dadc5398a23f/21808_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/2c3807cc-6dc9-450a-8fdc-dadc5398a23f/21808_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/2c3807cc-6dc9-450a-8fdc-dadc5398a23f/21808″,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/2c3807cc-6dc9-450a-8fdc-dadc5398a23f/21808.jpg”,”altText”:”

    Two daring beachgoers brave hurricane-driven surf in North Palm Beach, Florida. Hurricanes that hit the U.S. East Coast typically form over the tropics between June and November.

    n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by James P. Blair, National Geographic”,”dsc”:”Two daring beachgoers brave hurricane-driven surf in North Palm Beach, Florida. Hurricanes that hit the U.S. East Coast typically form over the tropics between June and November.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”Hurricane Surf”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by Vincent Laforet, New York Times/AP”,”text”:”

    Water flows past a broken levee along the Inner Harbor Navigation Canal in New Orleans after heavy rains and a storm surge from Hurricane Katrina caused it to fail. Katrina broke the U.S. storm surge record, with a surge that measured 27.8 feet (8 meters) above mean sea level near Pass Christian, Mississippi.

    n”,”title”:”USA HURRIKAN KATRINA CHRONIK”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.332436069986541,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aeb5039b-34e7-4b56-a7f0-7e5ab39893b5/21809.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aeb5039b-34e7-4b56-a7f0-7e5ab39893b5/21809_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aeb5039b-34e7-4b56-a7f0-7e5ab39893b5/21809_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aeb5039b-34e7-4b56-a7f0-7e5ab39893b5/21809_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aeb5039b-34e7-4b56-a7f0-7e5ab39893b5/21809_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aeb5039b-34e7-4b56-a7f0-7e5ab39893b5/21809_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aeb5039b-34e7-4b56-a7f0-7e5ab39893b5/21809_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aeb5039b-34e7-4b56-a7f0-7e5ab39893b5/21809_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aeb5039b-34e7-4b56-a7f0-7e5ab39893b5/21809″,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aeb5039b-34e7-4b56-a7f0-7e5ab39893b5/21809.jpg”,”altText”:”

    Water flows past a broken levee along the Inner Harbor Navigation Canal in New Orleans after heavy rains and a storm surge from Hurricane Katrina caused it to fail. Katrina broke the U.S. storm surge record, with a surge that measured 27.8 feet (8 meters) above mean sea level near Pass Christian, Mississippi.

    n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Vincent Laforet, New York Times/AP”,”dsc”:”Water flows past a broken levee along the Inner Harbor Navigation Canal in New Orleans after heavy rains and a storm surge from Hurricane Katrina caused it to fail. Katrina holds the U.S. storm surge record, measured at 27.8 feet (8 meters) above mean sea level near Pass Christian, Mississippi.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”USA HURRIKAN KATRINA CHRONIK”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by Michael Lewis, National Geographic”,”text”:”

    Blocked roads foiled evacuation and rescue efforts in New Orleans, Louisiana, adding to the mayhem following Hurricane Katrina in August 2005. The flooded city lost more than 1,800 people in the storm and suffered more than $81 billion in damage.

    n”,”title”:”Two Weeks Post-Katrina”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.332436069986541,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/fca68bef-3de9-42b4-b8df-cf120a5a91b3/21810.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/fca68bef-3de9-42b4-b8df-cf120a5a91b3/21810_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/fca68bef-3de9-42b4-b8df-cf120a5a91b3/21810_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/fca68bef-3de9-42b4-b8df-cf120a5a91b3/21810_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/fca68bef-3de9-42b4-b8df-cf120a5a91b3/21810_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/fca68bef-3de9-42b4-b8df-cf120a5a91b3/21810_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/fca68bef-3de9-42b4-b8df-cf120a5a91b3/21810_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/fca68bef-3de9-42b4-b8df-cf120a5a91b3/21810_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/fca68bef-3de9-42b4-b8df-cf120a5a91b3/21810″,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/fca68bef-3de9-42b4-b8df-cf120a5a91b3/21810.jpg”,”altText”:”

    Blocked roads foiled evacuation and rescue efforts in New Orleans, Louisiana, adding to the mayhem following Hurricane Katrina in August 2005. The flooded city lost more than 1,800 people in the storm and suffered more than $81 billion in damage.

    n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Michael Lewis, National Geographic”,”dsc”:”Blocked roads foiled evacuation and rescue efforts in New Orleans, Louisiana, adding to the mayhem following Hurricane Katrina in August 2005. The flooded city lost more than 1,800 people in the storm and suffered more than $81 billion in damage.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”Two Weeks Post-Katrina”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by Michael Lewis, National Geographic”,”text”:”

    Two men wade through floodwaters on Canal Street two weeks after Hurricane Katrina tore open New Orleans’ levees, flooding about 80 percent of the city and neighboring parishes.

    n”,”title”:”After Katrina”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.332436069986541,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/3595f59c-5560-41ce-a8a3-21bdccfaa42d/21811.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/3595f59c-5560-41ce-a8a3-21bdccfaa42d/21811_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/3595f59c-5560-41ce-a8a3-21bdccfaa42d/21811_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/3595f59c-5560-41ce-a8a3-21bdccfaa42d/21811_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/3595f59c-5560-41ce-a8a3-21bdccfaa42d/21811_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/3595f59c-5560-41ce-a8a3-21bdccfaa42d/21811_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/3595f59c-5560-41ce-a8a3-21bdccfaa42d/21811_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/3595f59c-5560-41ce-a8a3-21bdccfaa42d/21811_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/3595f59c-5560-41ce-a8a3-21bdccfaa42d/21811″,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/3595f59c-5560-41ce-a8a3-21bdccfaa42d/21811.jpg”,”altText”:”

    Two men wade through floodwaters on Canal Street two weeks after Hurricane Katrina tore open New Orleans’ levees, flooding about 80 percent of the city and neighboring parishes.

    n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Michael Lewis, National Geographic”,”dsc”:”Two men wade through floodwaters on Canal Street two weeks after Hurricane Katrina tore open New Orleans’ levees, flooding about 80 percent of the city and neighboring parishes.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”After Katrina”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by Eliu Peredo, My Shot”,”text”:”

    A makeshift shrine sits near a destroyed souvenir stand in Mahahual, Mexico, after Hurricane Dean passed through in 2007. The statue is of “La Santa Muerte,” a Mexican saint-like figure associated with death.

    n”,”title”:”La Santa Muerte”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.332436069986541,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/26ae660b-13ce-4e65-9ecb-9f5353f6338a/21812.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/26ae660b-13ce-4e65-9ecb-9f5353f6338a/21812_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/26ae660b-13ce-4e65-9ecb-9f5353f6338a/21812_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/26ae660b-13ce-4e65-9ecb-9f5353f6338a/21812_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/26ae660b-13ce-4e65-9ecb-9f5353f6338a/21812_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/26ae660b-13ce-4e65-9ecb-9f5353f6338a/21812_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/26ae660b-13ce-4e65-9ecb-9f5353f6338a/21812_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/26ae660b-13ce-4e65-9ecb-9f5353f6338a/21812_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/26ae660b-13ce-4e65-9ecb-9f5353f6338a/21812″,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/26ae660b-13ce-4e65-9ecb-9f5353f6338a/21812.jpg”,”altText”:”

    A makeshift shrine sits near a destroyed souvenir stand in Mahahual, Mexico, after Hurricane Dean passed through in 2007. The statue is of “La Santa Muerte,” a Mexican saint-like figure associated with death.

    n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Eliu Peredo, My Shot”,”dsc”:”A makeshift shrine sits near a destroyed souvenir stand in Mahahual, Mexico, after Hurricane Dean passed through in 2007. The statue is of “La Santa Muerte,” a Mexican saint-like figure associated with death. Hurricanes killed two people in the United States in 2009, according to the National Weather Service.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”La Santa Muerte”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph courtesy NOAA”,”text”:”

    A satellite photo taken on August 28, 2008, shows three storms in the Atlantic at the same time: Fay, Gustav, and Hannah. Tropical Storm Fay is dissipating over the United States. Tropical Storm Gustav, which would develop into a hurricane, is between Cuba and Haiti. Tropical Storm Hanna, which would also become a hurricane, is still in the Atlantic. Storms progress from tropical depressions to tropical storms and then to hurricanes, distinctions based on wind speed.

    n”,”title”:”Three Storms”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.332436069986541,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/668be19f-e664-4f88-8740-8d48713c9f0b/21813.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/668be19f-e664-4f88-8740-8d48713c9f0b/21813_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/668be19f-e664-4f88-8740-8d48713c9f0b/21813_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/668be19f-e664-4f88-8740-8d48713c9f0b/21813_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/668be19f-e664-4f88-8740-8d48713c9f0b/21813_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/668be19f-e664-4f88-8740-8d48713c9f0b/21813_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/668be19f-e664-4f88-8740-8d48713c9f0b/21813_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/668be19f-e664-4f88-8740-8d48713c9f0b/21813_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/668be19f-e664-4f88-8740-8d48713c9f0b/21813″,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/668be19f-e664-4f88-8740-8d48713c9f0b/21813.jpg”,”altText”:”

    A satellite photo taken on August 28, 2008, shows three storms in the Atlantic at the same time: Fay, Gustav, and Hannah. Tropical Storm Fay is dissipating over the United States. Tropical Storm Gustav, which would develop into a hurricane, is between Cuba and Haiti. Tropical Storm Hanna, which would also become a hurricane, is still in the Atlantic. Storms progress from tropical depressions to tropical storms and then to hurricanes, distinctions based on wind speed.

    n”,”crdt”:”Photograph courtesy NOAA”,”dsc”:”A satellite photo taken on August 28, 2008, shows three storms in the Atlantic at the same time: Fay, Gustav, and Hannah. Tropical Storm Fay is dissipating over the United States. Tropical Storm Gustav, which would develop into a hurricane, is between Cuba and Haiti. Tropical Storm Hanna, which would also become a hurricane, is still in the Atlantic. Storms progress from tropical depressions to tropical storms and then to hurricanes, distinctions based on wind speed.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”Three Storms”,”caption”:”credit”:”Photograph by Tyrone Turner, National Geographic”,”text”:”

    A storm surge from Hurricane Ivan, a Category 4, cut a channel through this barrier island near Pensacola, Florida.

    n”,”title”:”Hurricane Ivan, Florida”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.332436069986541,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/50ea098e-7cfd-4206-b40e-be735fb8324a/21814.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/50ea098e-7cfd-4206-b40e-be735fb8324a/21814_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/50ea098e-7cfd-4206-b40e-be735fb8324a/21814_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/50ea098e-7cfd-4206-b40e-be735fb8324a/21814_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/50ea098e-7cfd-4206-b40e-be735fb8324a/21814_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/50ea098e-7cfd-4206-b40e-be735fb8324a/21814_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/50ea098e-7cfd-4206-b40e-be735fb8324a/21814_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/50ea098e-7cfd-4206-b40e-be735fb8324a/21814_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/50ea098e-7cfd-4206-b40e-be735fb8324a/21814″,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/50ea098e-7cfd-4206-b40e-be735fb8324a/21814.jpg”,”altText”:”

    A storm surge from Hurricane Ivan, a Category 4, cut a channel through this barrier island near Pensacola, Florida.

    n”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Tyrone Turner, National Geographic”,”dsc”:”A storm surge from Hurricane Ivan cut a channel through this barrier island near Pensacola, Florida. The Category 5 storm was the strongest of the 2004 Atlantic hurricane season.”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”Hurricane Ivan, Florida”],”disableFullscreen”:true,”hideTitle”:false,”hideDek”:false,”align”:”contentWidth”,”size”:”small”,”theme”:”dark”,”type”:”inline”},”id”:”html24″,”cntnt”:”mrkup”:”During a storm”,”type”:”p”,”id”:”html25″,”cntnt”:”mrkup”:”

  • As a storm unfolds, people should listen to local authorities on radio or television. As mentioned above, hurricane.gov provides updates every six hours, and people can also sign up for community alerts.
  • Evacuation routes often close as a hurricane develops, which is why it is strongly advised to heed all recommendations and leave the area before a storm hits. However, if forced to weather a storm, take cover in the most secure building possible and stay away from windows.
  • Remember that a lull often signifies the storm’s eye—not its end. Anyone riding out a hurricane should wait for authorities to announce that the danger has passed.
  • Be smart. Although dedicated professionals and improved technology have made hurricane forecasting more accurate than ever before—it’s far from precise. If you feel unsafe in a hurricane-prone area, take cover.
  • “,”type”:”ul”,”id”:”html26″,”cntnt”:”mrkup”:”After a storm”,”type”:”p”,”id”:”html27″,”cntnt”:”mrkup”:”

  • No matter how eager you are to re-start your life, experts say it’s best to take things slow after a hurricane.
  • If you evacuated during the storm, don’t return until authorities say it is safe to do so. This could mean waiting an extended period of time.
  • Once home, avoid electronic equipment and power lines. (You may even want to have a licensed electrician check your home for possible damages)
  • Take pictures of any destruction to use as documentation later.
  • Keep on the look-out for reptiles and rodents that may have washed into your space.
  • Open windows to help dry the house.
  • Do not use generators, electric or gas appliances, or open flames in case there are gas leaks, until you can be sure everything is in good order.
  • Do not eat food from the refrigerator or drink tap water until you have checked for contamination. (Instead, you can obtain safe drinking water by melting ice cubes.)
  • “,”type”:”ul”],”cid”:”drn:src:natgeo:unison::prod:c89c8083-3030-46a7-9b8b-8c9a321cdca6″,”cntrbGrp”:[“contributors”:[“displayName”:”Claire Wolters”],”title”:”By”,”rl”:”Writer”],”mode”:”richtext”,”dt”:”2019-07-11T15:00:00.000Z”,”dscrptn”:”These huge, churning storms can spell disaster. Here’s what to do, and not to do, during a hurricane.”,”enableAds”:true,”endbug”:true,”isMetered”:true,”isUserAuthed”:false,”ldMda”:”cmsType”:”image”,”hasCopyright”:true,”id”:”dfe0cecc-cd56-4bd9-80ec-eeff739e5caa”,”lines”:3,”positionMetaBottom”:true,”showMore”:true,”caption”:”

    Taken during Hurricane Sandy, this photograph from aTime photographer, shared via Instagram, shows a beachgoer braving the surf during a hurricane—a dangerous decision.

    n”,”credit”:”Photograph by Benjamin Lowy, Reportage by Getty Images”,”image”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/dfe0cecc-cd56-4bd9-80ec-eeff739e5caa/102912_Time_Sandy_iPhone_1037.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/dfe0cecc-cd56-4bd9-80ec-eeff739e5caa/102912_Time_Sandy_iPhone_1037_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/dfe0cecc-cd56-4bd9-80ec-eeff739e5caa/102912_Time_Sandy_iPhone_1037_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/dfe0cecc-cd56-4bd9-80ec-eeff739e5caa/102912_Time_Sandy_iPhone_1037_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/dfe0cecc-cd56-4bd9-80ec-eeff739e5caa/102912_Time_Sandy_iPhone_1037_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/dfe0cecc-cd56-4bd9-80ec-eeff739e5caa/102912_Time_Sandy_iPhone_1037_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/dfe0cecc-cd56-4bd9-80ec-eeff739e5caa/102912_Time_Sandy_iPhone_1037_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/dfe0cecc-cd56-4bd9-80ec-eeff739e5caa/102912_Time_Sandy_iPhone_1037_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/dfe0cecc-cd56-4bd9-80ec-eeff739e5caa/102912_Time_Sandy_iPhone_1037″,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/dfe0cecc-cd56-4bd9-80ec-eeff739e5caa/102912_Time_Sandy_iPhone_1037.jpg”,”altText”:”a man standing in ocean waves during Hurricane Sandy”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Benjamin Lowy, Reportage by Getty Images”,”dsc”:”During Hurricane Sandy Time turned over its Instagram feed to five photographers and asked them to document the disaster. Giving up control was novel but necessary: With electricity spotty, Instagram was the fastest way to deliver breaking news to readers. See more work”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ttl”:”Coney Island, New York, 2012″,”imageAlt”:”a man standing in ocean waves during Hurricane Sandy”,”imageSrc”:[“sources”:”x1″:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/dfe0cecc-cd56-4bd9-80ec-eeff739e5caa/102912_Time_Sandy_iPhone_1037.jpg?w=374&h=374″,”x2″:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/dfe0cecc-cd56-4bd9-80ec-eeff739e5caa/102912_Time_Sandy_iPhone_1037.jpg?w=748&h=748″,”media”:”(max-width: 374px)”,”sources”:”x1″:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/dfe0cecc-cd56-4bd9-80ec-eeff739e5caa/102912_Time_Sandy_iPhone_1037.jpg?w=413&h=413″,”x2″:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/dfe0cecc-cd56-4bd9-80ec-eeff739e5caa/102912_Time_Sandy_iPhone_1037.jpg?w=826&h=826″,”media”:”(max-width: 413px)”,”sources”:”x1″:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/dfe0cecc-cd56-4bd9-80ec-eeff739e5caa/102912_Time_Sandy_iPhone_1037.jpg?w=636&h=636″,”x2″:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/dfe0cecc-cd56-4bd9-80ec-eeff739e5caa/102912_Time_Sandy_iPhone_1037.jpg?w=1272&h=1272″,”media”:”(min-width: 414px)”],”hideEndBug”:true,”type”:”imageLead”,”hideLine”:true,”deferImages”:false,”mdDt”:”2021-05-04T15:24:33.318Z”,”pbDt”:”2019-07-11T15:00:00.000Z”,”readTime”:”10 min read”,”schma”:”athrs”:[“name”:”Claire Wolters”],”cnnicl”:”https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/article/hurricane-safety-tips”,”kywrds”:”hurricanes, safety, tropical storms, typhoons , cyclones , natural disasters , extreme weather, katrina, coasts, weather”,”lg”:”https://assets-cdn.nationalgeographic.com/natgeo/static/default.NG.logo.dark.jpg”,”pblshr”:”National Geographic”,”abt”:”Hurricanes”,”sclDsc”:”These huge, churning storms can spell disaster. Here’s what to do, and not to do, during a hurricane.”,”sclImg”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/dfe0cecc-cd56-4bd9-80ec-eeff739e5caa/102912_Time_Sandy_iPhone_1037_16x9.jpg?w=1200″,”sclTtl”:”Hurricane safety tips, preparation, and readiness—facts and information”,”sctn”:”Environment”,”sctnLbls”:[“name”:”Reference”,”type”:”genres”],”shrURLs”:”fbIcon”:”facebook”,”fb”:”https://www.facebook.com/sharer.php?u=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.nationalgeographic.com%2Fenvironment%2Farticle%2Fhurricane-safety-tips”,”fbAriaLabel”:”article.facebookShare.ariaLabel”,”fbLabel”:”article.facebookShare.label”,”fbButtonTracking”:”event_name”:”share”,”share_content_type”:”article”,”content_title”:”hurricane safety tips, preparation, and readiness—facts and information”,”share_method”:”facebook”,”emailIcon”:”email__filled”,”email”:”mailto:?subject=Hurricane%20safety%20tips%2C%20preparation%2C%20and%20readiness%E2%80%94facts%20and%20information&body=These%20huge%2C%20churning%20storms%20can%20spell%20disaster.%20Here’s%20what%20to%20do%2C%20and%20not%20to%20do%2C%20during%20a%20hurricane.%0A%0Ahttps%3A%2F%2Fwww.nationalgeographic.com%2Fenvironment%2Farticle%2Fhurricane-safety-tips”,”emailLabel”:”Email”,”emailButtonTracking”:”event_name”:”share”,”share_content_type”:”article”,”content_title”:”hurricane safety tips, preparation, and readiness—facts and information”,”share_method”:”email”,”twitter”:”https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.nationalgeographic.com%2Fenvironment%2Farticle%2Fhurricane-safety-tips&text=Hurricane%20safety%20tips%2C%20preparation%2C%20and%20readiness%E2%80%94facts%20and%20information&via=NatGeo”,”twitterLabel”:”Tweet”,”twitterButtonTracking”:”event_name”:”share”,”share_content_type”:”article”,”content_title”:”hurricane safety tips, preparation, and readiness—facts and information”,”share_method”:”twitter”,”title”:”Hurricane safety tips, explained”,”wrdcnt”:1577}]}],”cmsType”:”ArticleBodyFrame”},”id”:”email-sticky-footer-frame1″,”mods”:[“id”:”466c63e8-96c0-48f6-b48e-26ec8787bea9″,”cmsType”:”StackModule”,”align”:”left”,”edgs”:[“id”:”86d7bec4-ff47-4a76-aad9-768e22bbfed3″,”cmsType”:”EmailStickyFooterTile”,”title”:”Enter your email address to continue reading”,”errorMessage”:”Please enter a valid e-mail address”,”mrktngMeta”:”cpgnCd”:”20220823_global_email wall_environment”,”subtitle”:”Stay up to date on our ever-changing earth.”,”success”:”description”:”

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    “,”header”:”Thanks for signing up!”,”footer”:”Watch your inbox over the next few days for photos, stories, and special offers from us.”,”submitButton”:”CONTINUE”,”closeableGeos”:[“uk”]]],{“id”:”paywall-meter-frame1″,”mods”:[“id”:”paywall-meter-frame1-module1″,”cmsType”:”StackModule”,”align”:”left”,”edgs”:[“id”:”paywall-meter-frame1-module1-tile1″,”cmsType”:”PaywallMeterTile”,”heading”:”Exploration is just a click away.”,”description”:”Subscribe to get unlimited digital access to National Geographic.”,”cta”:”text”:”Subscribe Now”,”url”:”https://ngmdomsubs.nationalgeographic.com/servlet/OrdersGateway?cds_mag_code=NGM&cds_page_id=268661″,”target”:”_self”,”image”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/6333a603-7ecc-4d2c-acbc-7c6f031cfe0f/ngm-iphone.png”],”campaignName”:”20220920_US/CA_paywall_counter”]]},null,{“id”:”natgeo-web-template-readthisnext-frame”,”mods”:[“id”:”natgeo-web-template-readthisnext-module”,”cmsType”:”RecirculationGridModule”,”itemTruncate”:”description”:4,”title”:4,”contentList”:[“description”:”Looking for your next adventure? You’ll find it on our annual list of the world’s best destinations for travelers.”,”img”:”crps”:[“nm”:”raw”,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aae9ac0a-495f-4aba-bfe5-b3414bfe7b14/MM9751_210807_04462.jpg”,”nm”:”16×9″,”aspRto”:1.7777777777777777,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aae9ac0a-495f-4aba-bfe5-b3414bfe7b14/MM9751_210807_04462_16x9.jpg”,”nm”:”3×2″,”aspRto”:1.5,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aae9ac0a-495f-4aba-bfe5-b3414bfe7b14/MM9751_210807_04462_3x2.jpg”,”nm”:”square”,”aspRto”:1,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aae9ac0a-495f-4aba-bfe5-b3414bfe7b14/MM9751_210807_04462_square.jpg”,”nm”:”2×3″,”aspRto”:0.6666666666666666,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aae9ac0a-495f-4aba-bfe5-b3414bfe7b14/MM9751_210807_04462_2x3.jpg”,”nm”:”3×4″,”aspRto”:0.75,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aae9ac0a-495f-4aba-bfe5-b3414bfe7b14/MM9751_210807_04462_3x4.jpg”,”nm”:”4×3″,”aspRto”:1.3333333333333333,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aae9ac0a-495f-4aba-bfe5-b3414bfe7b14/MM9751_210807_04462_4x3.jpg”,”nm”:”2×1″,”aspRto”:2,”url”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aae9ac0a-495f-4aba-bfe5-b3414bfe7b14/MM9751_210807_04462_2x1.jpg”],”rt”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aae9ac0a-495f-4aba-bfe5-b3414bfe7b14/MM9751_210807_04462″,”src”:”https://i.natgeofe.com/n/aae9ac0a-495f-4aba-bfe5-b3414bfe7b14/MM9751_210807_04462.jpg”,”altText”:”An aerial view of Karpathos and the surrounding sea”,”crdt”:”Photograph by Ciril Jazbec, National Geographic”,”dsc”:”The hike to the most important ancient city of Vroukounda: Starting from Avlona, the most important agriculture place, where you follow a path which is more than 2000 years old. The total distance is 4.00 km and it takes 2.5 hours. The whole island has been characterized as a Site of Community Importance for the birds of Greece according to the directive 79/409/EEC, hosting various rare and endemic species of animals and plants and being of significant archaeological value. Both Karpathos and Saria are the most suitable areas for threatened species of undersea fauna and birdlife to live and develop thanks to their geomorphology. The Rocky caves of the coasts are home to the Mediterranean seal Monachus Monachus. In the coastal rocks, there are nests of Eleonora’s falcon and Audouin’s Gull. Saria also hosts an important part of rare predators such as Bonelli’s eagle, the long-legged buzzard (Buteo rufinus) and Eleonora’s falcon. The protected area is also of great archaeological interest. In the ancient towns of Vroukounda and Nisyros, there are tens of underground graves, ruins of walls and forts, part of the Hellenistic walls, but there are also Byzantine monuments, as those towns were inhabited until the 7th century AD. Evangelia is running Ecotourism Karpathos. Evangelia – Marina is a native of Karpathos. She has studied Geography at the University of the Aegean (2006-2010) and then completed a master’s courses on the “Environment and Development” at the National Technical University of Athens (2010-2012) and “Travel and Tourism” (2016-2017). After finishing her studies, taking into consideration the tough financial situation in Greece, she has been faced with the dilemma of moving abroad. Her enormous love for Karpathos prevailed and so she has got the big decision to live permanently on the island. She has decided to start programmes of ecotourism with the aim to transfer the love and respect she feels for her place to the visitors, but also to create the experiences which will help them be integrated into the local community as equal members. Avlona is part of a few important eco trails in Karpathos. Ony few people live in Avlona now but it used to be important town year ago for farming since it has a very unique location. The agricultural village of Avlona is one of the most northern villages of Karpathos, on the western slope of a bare mountain. At first sight Avlona looks like a deserted settlement from the western movies, but the village is located in a fertile valley. In the spring there is lush vegetation here, only during hot summer months dries out the vegetation and some neglected gardens here. In the area of Avlona there are more than 250 farmhouses, and the locals primarily produces here wheat and barley. In the old times those grains were taken to the windmills of Olymbos where were milled into flour. Avlona is currently the northernmost village in Karpathos that is accessible by automobile, and is accessible only via Olympos or Diafani. At the end of the Avlona road, there are hiking trails which lead to the ancient coastal settlement of Vrykountas, as well as the next village to the north, Tristomo (which is currently only accessible either by foot via Avlona or Diafani, or by boat via Diafani).”,”ext”:”jpg”,”ratio”:”3×2″,”isFeatured”:true,”sections”:[“name”:”Travel”,”id”:”432c4f83-2d55-3974-b95f-a221c87c0fd1″,”type”:”sources”,”uri”:”https://www.nationalgeographic.com/travel”,”name”:”Best of the World”,”id”:”f0112538-c9b6-3962-9abd-82e01db87c42″,”type”:”series”,”uri”:”https://www.nationalgeographic.com/travel/topic/best-of-the-world-hub”],”headline”:”25 breathtaking places and experiences for 2023″,”link”:”https://www.nationalgeographic.com/travel/article/best-of-the-world-2023″,”description”:”Tales of the undead and other frights are found throughout history. 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    Taken during Hurricane Sandy, this photograph from aTime photographer, shared via Instagram, shows a beachgoer braving the surf during a hurricane—a dangerous decision.

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