Hurricanes are tropical cyclones which have a most sustained floor wind drive of 74 miles per hour or larger. 

These storms, resembling Hurricane Ian, kind over the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Central Pacific Ocean every year from June 1 to Nov. 30, in keeping with the National Weather Service. 

As Hurricane Ian nears the Gulf of Mexico, a hurricane watch has been issued alongside Florida’s Gulf Coast, FOX Weather reported.

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“Now is the time to prepare,” Mayor Jane Castor of Tampa, Florida, tweeted on Sunday morning. “Don’t wait until it’s too late.”

A map displaying Hurricane Ian.
(FOX Weather)

Hurricaneforce winds are outlined by having a one-minute common of sustained wind. 

Storm trackers apply the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale to evaluate hurricane hazards on a scale of one-to-five — with 5 being the best stage of property harm and hazard, the climate service experiences.

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Here’s extra about hurricanes, plus security tips on the right way to put together as Hurricane Ian nears and Florida residents take precaution. 

National Weather Service’s clarification of the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale 

Category 1 hurricanes produce winds which are between 74 and 95 mph and are predicted to have “very dangerous winds” that’ll end in “some damage,” resembling destruction to roofs, shingles, vinyl aspect and gutters, damaged branches and the potential toppling of shallow-rooted timber and energy strains, in keeping with the NWS.

Category 2 hurricanes produce winds which are between 96 and 110 mph and are predicted to have “extremely dangerous winds” that’ll end in “extensive damage,” resembling main destruction to roofs and siding, potential toppling of many shallow-rooted timber and near-total energy loss with outages that may final days or even weeks, in keeping with the NWS. 

Hurricane Ian may probably turn into a Category 3 or larger when it enters the Gulf of Mexico and strikes nearer to Florida. 

Category 3 hurricanes produce winds which are between 111 and 129 mph and are predicted to yield “devastating damage” that’ll end in main destruction, together with extreme harm or removing of roof decking and gable ends, many snapped or uprooted timber and loss of electricity and water for a number of days or even weeks, in keeping with the NWS.

Hurricane Ian may probably turn into a Category 3 or larger when it enters the Gulf of Mexico and strikes nearer to Florida, in keeping with FOX Weather.

Category 4 hurricanes produce winds which are between 130 mph and 156 mph. These hurricanes can lead to “catastrophic damage” with extreme destruction to most roof constructions and/or some exterior partitions; most timber can be snapped or uprooted; and energy poles can be downed, with energy outages that may final weeks or months. In addition, sure areas can be uninhabitable for an prolonged interval, in keeping with the NWS.

Category 5 hurricanes produce winds which are between 157 mph or larger, they usually’re additionally predicted to yield “catastrophic damage” that’ll end in a excessive proportion of framed properties being “destroyed, with total roof failure and wall collapse,” in keeping with the NWS. 

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Fallen timber and energy poles will isolate residential areas and energy outages and uninhabitable circumstances can final for weeks or months.

More hurricane hazards and what may go improper

Storm surges — an irregular rise of water generated by tropical storms or hurricane winds — are one other main hazard that causes property harm and deaths, in keeping with the NWS.

“Large battering waves can result in large loss of life and cause massive destruction along the coast,” the NWS wrote on a Hurricane Safety Tips and Resources webpage.

“Storm surge can travel several miles inland, especially along bays, rivers, and estuaries,” the climate company added.

Additional water-related hurricane hazards the NWS lists embody flooding from heavy rains that may persist a number of days after the storm had dissipated and harmful waves that may trigger lethal rip currents, seaside erosion and destruction to coastal constructions.

This 3D rendering of clouds from Hurricane Ida (Aug 28, 2021) shows the storm over the Gulf of Mexico.

This 3D rendering of clouds from Hurricane Ida (Aug 28, 2021) reveals the storm over the Gulf of Mexico.
(iStock)

Eighty-eight p.c of all tropical storm, tropical despair and hurricane deaths in America from 1963 to 2012 have been brought on by water, in keeping with knowledge from the National Hurricane Center.

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The NWS additionally warns residents in hurricane zones that unfastened objects and broken property could be lifted or indifferent by sturdy winds and turn into harmful projectiles, together with indicators, roofing materials and outside furnishings.

Hurricanes can generally be accompanied by tornadoes that “typically occur in rain bands well away from the center of the storm,” in keeping with the NWS. 

Hurricane security preparation 

Knowing what actions to take earlier than hurricane season begins, when a hurricane approaches and enters a residential space, in addition to what to do post-hurricane will increase an individual’s likelihood of survival, in keeping with the NWS.

Before the beginning of hurricane season, the NWS recommends building a basic emergency supply kit and periodically ensuring emergency tools works accurately, together with flashlights, turbines and storm shutters.

Basic Emergency Supply Kit: FEMA Recommended Items

    – Non-perishable meals and water

    – Extra cellphone batteries or chargers

    – Battery-powered or hand crank radio

    – Flashlights and further batteries

    – Plastic sheeting and duct tape

    – Moist towelettes, rubbish baggage and plastic ties for private sanitation

    – Non-sparking wrench or pliers

The climate service refers residents of hurricane zones to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s “Basic Disaster Supplies” checklist on prepared.gov, which has a breakdown of fundamental and extra provides permitted by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

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Basic emergency gadgets embody non-perishable food and water (gallon per individual) that may final for a number of days, backup batteries and chargers for cellphones, additional packs of batteries for different emergency gadgets, a battery-operated or hand crank radio, flashlights and a primary assist equipment.

Other fundamental disaster provides that prepared.gov names embody a whistle to sign for assist, mud masks to filter contaminated air, plastic sheeting and duct tape for sheltering in place, sanitation supplies (moist towelettes, rubbish baggage and plastic ties), a wrench or pliers for turning off utilities, a guide can opener and native maps.

Additional emergency provide embody prescribed drugs and eyewear, toddler or pet care provides and copies of essential family documents (IDs, financial institution accounts, insurance coverage insurance policies, and so forth.). People ought to maintain these paperwork in a transportable waterproof container, in keeping with prepared.gov.

More gadgets embody money, emergency reference supplies like first assist books and evacuation info, sleeping baggage or heat blankets for every member of the family, additional garments, fireplace extinguishers, matches (saved in a water-proof container), female and private hygiene provides, hand sanitizers, mess kits, disposable dinnerware, paper, pencil and non-electric leisure actions.

The NWS and prepared.gov each advise residents residing in hurricane zones to analysis their space’s threat stage and their nearest evacuation zone.

With this info in hand, residents who’re in danger are urged to place collectively an emergency plan and evaluate the plan with relations earlier than disaster strikes.

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Both companies state that making ready “go bags” or packing a automobile trunk with fundamental emergency provides ought to be part of every household’s emergency planning, and it should be accomplished earlier than a hurricane arrives.

Residents in hurricane zones ought to think about having supplies to fortify their homes, resembling wooden planks for boarding home windows, in keeping with the NWS’s What to Do Before the Tropical Storm or Hurricane.

Homemade plywood covers the windows of a beach cottage in Florida in preparation for an oncoming hurricane.

Homemade plywood covers the home windows of a seaside cottage in Florida in preparation for an oncoming hurricane.
(iStock)

Homeowners also needs to maintain timber trimmed, declutter gutters, deliver unfastened outside furnishings indoors, safe all doorways and transfer automobiles into garages or one other safe location, in keeping with the NWS and prepared.gov.

Storm forecasts and updates ought to be monitored earlier than, throughout and after a hurricane passes.

The NWS stated info could be discovered by native TV information stations, cellphones, radio broadcasts, social media and climate.gov.

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If evacuations are ordered by native officers, the NWS and prepared.gov strongly encourage residents to observe directions and depart instantly. Returns could be made if officers deem areas to be inhabitable post-hurricane.

Residents who aren’t ordered to evacuate can take refuge in small inside rooms, closets or hallways for security, in keeping with the NWS.

“Stay away from windows, skylights and glass doors,” the NWS warns. 

“If the eye of the storm passes over your area, there will be a short period of calm, but at the other side of the eye, the wind speed rapidly increases to hurricane force winds coming from the opposite direction.”

An indoor window view of palm trees getting pushed by strong tropical storm winds. The National Weather Service recommends staying away from windows during storms and hurricanes.

An indoor window view of palm timber getting pushed by sturdy tropical storm winds. The National Weather Service recommends staying away from home windows throughout storms and hurricanes.
(iStock)

Ready.gov recommends avoiding floodwaters outdoors and transferring to larger ranges if floodwaters enter a constructing or home.

Homeowners should not cover in closed attics as a result of they will turn into trapped by rising floodwater, in keeping with the disaster preparedness web site.

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Cleaning up after a hurricane would possibly require carrying protecting clothes, together with face coverings or masks if mildew is current and being additional cautious round electrical tools that will have gotten moist throughout the storm, prepared.gov warns.

The NWS says residents also needs to be cautious of weakened roads, bridges, sidewalks and partitions, structural harm from floods or fires, unfastened energy strains, fuel leaks and carbon monoxide poisoning from turbines or one other supply.

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