Hurricanes are tropical cyclones which have a most sustained floor wind drive of 74 miles per hour or larger.
These storms, reminiscent of Hurricane Ian, type over the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Central Pacific Ocean annually from June 1 to Nov. 30, based on the National Weather Service.
As Hurricane Ian nears the Gulf of Mexico, a hurricane watch has been issued alongside Florida’s Gulf Coast, FOX Weather reported.
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“Now is the time to prepare,” Mayor Jane Castor of Tampa, Florida, tweeted on Sunday morning. “Don’t wait until it’s too late.”
Hurricane–force winds are outlined by having a one-minute common of sustained wind.
Storm trackers apply the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale to evaluate hurricane hazards on a scale of one-to-five — with 5 being the best degree of property injury and hazard, the climate service experiences.
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Here’s extra about hurricanes, plus security tips on the right way to put together as Hurricane Ian nears and Florida residents take precaution.
National Weather Service’s clarification of the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale
Category 1 hurricanes produce winds which might be between 74 and 95 mph and are predicted to have “very dangerous winds” that’ll end in “some damage,” reminiscent of destruction to roofs, shingles, vinyl aspect and gutters, damaged branches and the potential toppling of shallow-rooted bushes and energy traces, based on the NWS.
Category 2 hurricanes produce winds which might be between 96 and 110 mph and are predicted to have “extremely dangerous winds” that’ll end in “extensive damage,” reminiscent of main destruction to roofs and siding, potential toppling of many shallow-rooted bushes and near-total energy loss with outages that may final days or perhaps weeks, based on the NWS.
Hurricane Ian might presumably turn out to be a Category 3 or greater when it enters the Gulf of Mexico and strikes nearer to Florida.
Category 3 hurricanes produce winds which might be between 111 and 129 mph and are predicted to yield “devastating damage” that’ll end in main destruction, together with extreme injury or removing of roof decking and gable ends, many snapped or uprooted bushes and loss of electricity and water for a number of days or perhaps weeks, based on the NWS.
Hurricane Ian might presumably turn out to be a Category 3 or greater when it enters the Gulf of Mexico and strikes nearer to Florida, based on FOX Weather.
Category 4 hurricanes produce winds which might be between 130 mph and 156 mph. These hurricanes can lead to “catastrophic damage” with extreme destruction to most roof buildings and/or some exterior partitions; most bushes might be snapped or uprooted; and energy poles might be downed, with energy outages that may final weeks or months. In addition, sure areas might be uninhabitable for an prolonged interval, based on the NWS.
Category 5 hurricanes produce winds which might be between 157 mph or greater, they usually’re additionally predicted to yield “catastrophic damage” that’ll end in a excessive share of framed properties being “destroyed, with total roof failure and wall collapse,” based on the NWS.
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Fallen bushes and energy poles will isolate residential areas and energy outages and uninhabitable circumstances can final for weeks or months.
More hurricane hazards and what might go mistaken
Storm surges — an irregular rise of water generated by tropical storms or hurricane winds — are one other main hazard that causes property injury and deaths, based on the NWS.
“Large battering waves can result in large loss of life and cause massive destruction along the coast,” the NWS wrote on a Hurricane Safety Tips and Resources webpage.
“Storm surge can travel several miles inland, especially along bays, rivers, and estuaries,” the climate company added.
Additional water-related hurricane hazards the NWS lists embrace flooding from heavy rains that may persist a number of days after the storm had dissipated and harmful waves that may trigger lethal rip currents, seaside erosion and destruction to coastal buildings.
Eighty-eight % of all tropical storm, tropical melancholy and hurricane deaths in America from 1963 to 2012 had been attributable to water, based on knowledge from the National Hurricane Center.
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The NWS additionally warns residents in hurricane zones that free objects and broken property will be lifted or indifferent by robust winds and turn out to be harmful projectiles, together with indicators, roofing materials and out of doors furnishings.
Hurricanes can typically be accompanied by tornadoes that “typically occur in rain bands well away from the center of the storm,” based on the NWS.
Hurricane security preparation
Knowing what actions to take earlier than hurricane season begins, when a hurricane approaches and enters a residential space, in addition to what to do post-hurricane will increase an individual’s probability of survival, based on the NWS.
Before the beginning of hurricane season, the NWS recommends building a basic emergency supply kit and periodically ensuring emergency tools works accurately, together with flashlights, mills and storm shutters.
Basic Emergency Supply Kit: FEMA Recommended Items
– Non-perishable meals and water
– Extra mobile phone batteries or chargers
– Battery-powered or hand crank radio
– Flashlights and additional batteries
– Plastic sheeting and duct tape
– Moist towelettes, rubbish luggage and plastic ties for private sanitation
– Non-sparking wrench or pliers
The climate service refers residents of hurricane zones to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s “Basic Disaster Supplies” checklist on prepared.gov, which has a breakdown of fundamental and extra provides accredited by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
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Basic emergency objects embrace non-perishable food and water (gallon per particular person) that may final for a number of days, backup batteries and chargers for cellphones, further packs of batteries for different emergency objects, a battery-operated or hand crank radio, flashlights and a primary help package.
Other fundamental disaster provides that prepared.gov names embrace a whistle to sign for assist, mud masks to filter contaminated air, plastic sheeting and duct tape for sheltering in place, sanitation supplies (moist towelettes, rubbish luggage and plastic ties), a wrench or pliers for turning off utilities, a handbook can opener and native maps.
Additional emergency provide embrace prescribed drugs and eyewear, toddler or pet care provides and copies of essential family documents (IDs, financial institution accounts, insurance coverage insurance policies, and many others.). People ought to maintain these paperwork in a conveyable waterproof container, based on prepared.gov.
More objects embrace money, emergency reference supplies like first help books and evacuation data, sleeping luggage or heat blankets for every member of the family, further garments, hearth extinguishers, matches (saved in a water-proof container), female and private hygiene provides, hand sanitizers, mess kits, disposable dinnerware, paper, pencil and non-electric leisure actions.
The NWS and prepared.gov each advise residents residing in hurricane zones to analysis their space’s danger degree and their nearest evacuation zone.
With this data in hand, residents who’re in danger are urged to place collectively an emergency plan and assessment the plan with members of the family earlier than disaster strikes.
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Both businesses state that getting ready “go bags” or packing a automobile trunk with fundamental emergency provides must be part of every household’s emergency planning, and it have to be finished earlier than a hurricane arrives.
Residents in hurricane zones ought to think about having supplies to fortify their homes, reminiscent of wooden planks for boarding home windows, based on the NWS’s What to Do Before the Tropical Storm or Hurricane.
Homeowners must also maintain bushes trimmed, declutter gutters, deliver free out of doors furnishings indoors, safe all doorways and transfer vehicles into garages or one other safe location, based on the NWS and prepared.gov.
Storm forecasts and updates must be monitored earlier than, throughout and after a hurricane passes.
The NWS stated data will be discovered by native TV information stations, cell phones, radio broadcasts, social media and climate.gov.
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If evacuations are ordered by native officers, the NWS and prepared.gov strongly encourage residents to comply with directions and depart instantly. Returns will be made if officers deem areas to be inhabitable post-hurricane.
Residents who aren’t ordered to evacuate can take refuge in small inside rooms, closets or hallways for security, based on the NWS.
“Stay away from windows, skylights and glass doors,” the NWS warns.
“If the eye of the storm passes over your area, there will be a short period of calm, but at the other side of the eye, the wind speed rapidly increases to hurricane force winds coming from the opposite direction.”
Ready.gov recommends avoiding floodwaters exterior and transferring to greater ranges if floodwaters enter a constructing or home.
Homeowners should not disguise in closed attics as a result of they will turn out to be trapped by rising floodwater, based on the disaster preparedness web site.
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Cleaning up after a hurricane would possibly require sporting protecting clothes, together with face coverings or masks if mould is current and being further cautious round electrical tools that will have gotten moist throughout the storm, prepared.gov warns.
The NWS says residents must also be cautious of weakened roads, bridges, sidewalks and partitions, structural injury from floods or fires, free energy traces, fuel leaks and carbon monoxide poisoning from mills or one other supply.