When you’re dropping your imaginative and prescient attributable to wet age-related macular degeneration, or moist AMD, it’s regular to wish to attempt the whole lot in your energy to keep up as a lot of your sight as you’ll be able to. And when you’ve heard that nutritional vitamins could assist, chances are you’ll be prepared to leap into the huge world of dietary supplements.

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But not so quick, says ophthalmologist Ananth Sastry, MD. Some nutritional vitamins could assist sluggish the development of AMD in individuals with sure forms of the illness — however not for everybody. Before you begin taking any nutritional vitamins for eye well being, it’s necessary to know what they will and might’t do.

Are nutritional vitamins useful for AMD?

Two large studies of age-related eye diseases, each sponsored by the National Eye Institute, discovered {that a} combo of sure nutritional vitamins and minerals, often known as AREDS2, might assist sluggish the development of age-related macular degeneration in some individuals. These dietary supplements have excessive concentrations of particular micronutrients — greater than you would get via food regimen or in an everyday multivitamin.

But there’s a giant caveat: AREDS2 dietary supplements aren’t useful to everybody with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). These dietary supplements primarily assist individuals with intermediate-stage dry macular degeneration, not moist AMD.

“AREDS2 hasn’t been demonstrated to have any significant benefit for eyes with wet macular degeneration or very advanced dry macular degeneration,” Dr. Sastry clarifies. “There’s also not enough evidence to show that taking AREDS2 vitamins prevents the onset of macular degeneration in patients who don’t already have it.”

Wet AMD is a complicated situation that may’t be cured, although it may be managed and handled. Your ophthalmologist could provide choices like anti-vascular endothelial progress issue (anti-VEGF) injections, which can assist protect your remaining imaginative and prescient and stop your moist AMD from getting worse.

Which nutritional vitamins might help moist AMD?

While there isn’t a treatment for moist AMD, once you’re dwelling with this severe eye situation, it’s nonetheless necessary to apply habits that may promote eye well being. That consists of consuming a wholesome, well-balanced food regimen stuffed with nutritional vitamins and vitamins recognized to guard your eyes.

And although AREDS2 nutritional vitamins haven’t been proven to impression moist AMD, your ophthalmologist would possibly prescribe them in case your situation hasn’t progressed on the identical charge in each eyes. If, for instance, one eye nonetheless solely has intermediate-stage dry AMD, you would possibly begin taking AREDS2 to keep it from getting worse.

“AREDS2 vitamins are recommended for people who have early or intermediate dry macular degeneration in one eye but advanced disease in the fellow eye,” Dr. Sastry explains. “Plus, dry macular degeneration can convert into wet macular degeneration at any time.”

Let’s check out the precise nutritional vitamins in AREDS2 and the way they assist with eye well being.

Lutein and zeaxanthin

Never heard of lutein and zeaxanthin? Most Americans don’t get sufficient of them via food regimen alone, however they’ve an necessary function to play in eye well being — such a giant function, actually, that they’re generally often known as “eye vitamins.”

Both lutein and zeaxanthin are carotenoids, pigmented vitamins that give crops their vivid colours. “They’re also found in high concentrations in your retina, where they protect against oxidative stress and help the eyes filter out harmful blue light,” Dr. Sastry says.

AREDS2 dietary supplements include 10 milligrams (mg) of lutein and a pair of mg of zeaxanthin.

Vitamins C and E

Vitamin C and vitamin E are each potent antioxidants, which suggests they might help your physique battle off unstable molecules often known as free radicals. If left unchecked, free radicals may cause oxidative stress in your physique, which is understood to result in illnesses and could also be a contributor to macular degeneration.

AREDS2 dietary supplements include 500 mg of vitamin C and 400 worldwide items (IU) of vitamin E.


Zinc is a hint mineral, that means you solely want just a little little bit of it — but it surely has an outsized impact on eye well being. It all has to do with how your physique shops and makes use of vitamin A.

“Your eyes need vitamin A in order to produce certain pigments, see in the dark and maintain a healthy cornea,” Dr. Sastry explains. But your physique shops vitamin A in your liver, not in your eyes, so zinc acts as a taxi driver, serving to vitamin A journey out of your liver to your retinas.

There’s 80 mg of zinc in AREDS2 dietary supplements.


Copper can be a hint mineral, although it isn’t essentially associated to eye well being. So, why is it included in AREDS2? Zinc can have an effect on your physique’s skill to soak up copper, so including additional zinc to your food regimen, like via supplementation, can truly result in a copper deficiency. This places you in danger for circumstances like anemia, leukopenia and osteoporosis.

“To help prevent copper deficiencies, AREDS2 supplements include 2 mg of copper,” Dr. Sastry says. “Just enough to give your body a little extra boost.”

What about fish oil?

Omega-3 fatty acids are good for eye well being, too. But the identical examine that developed AREDS2 discovered that there was no additional advantage to incorporating omega-3 fatty acids (like these present in fish oil drugs) to the AREDS2 complement combo. And you’re higher off getting your omega-3s in meals, as meals sources have been proven to have larger well being advantages than dietary supplements.

Taking care of your eyes when you’ve moist AMD

When you’ve macular degeneration — whether or not moist or dry — you shouldn’t depend on diet alone that can assist you handle your situation or stop it from getting worse. These severe eye circumstances must be handled by specialists.

“If you don’t treat vision loss quickly, it can be irreversible,” Dr. Sastry warns. “It’s additionally necessary to know that dry macular degeneration can convert into moist macular degeneration at any time.

“If you have dry AMD and notice a new blind spot or central distortion that you hadn’t previously noticed, seek urgent treatment from a retina specialist.”

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