You know the saying, “There’s no use crying over spilled milk.” But lacking out on the important calcium milk supplies could also be a motive for just a few tears.
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Calcium is a necessary mineral that retains your bones and tooth sturdy. It’s additionally vital for a lot of of your physique’s capabilities, akin to muscle motion, blood clotting and nerve signaling.
Your physique can’t make calcium — it should come out of your weight-reduction plan. And in line with registered dietitian Anthony DiMarino, RD, many Americans aren’t getting sufficient calcium.
Your weight-reduction plan might not comprise the calcium you want
“There’s a movement away from dairy products due to a rise in lactose intolerance and plant-based diet patterns,” DiMarino says. “People who don’t eat dairy or have higher calcium requirements should be more vigilant about getting enough calcium every day.”
Recommended dietary allowances for calcium
The quantity of calcium you want varies by your age and intercourse. In normal, kids, girls who’re post-menopause and adults over age 70 want extra calcium. “As you grow older, your body absorbs less of the calcium in your diet,” explains DiMarino. “For women, hormonal changes during menopause can sap calcium from your bones.”
According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the recommended dietary allowances (RDAs) for calcium in milligrams (mg) are:
|0-6 months||200 mg|
|7-12 months||260 mg|
|1-3 years||700 mg|
|4-8 years||1,000 mg|
|9-13 years||1,300 mg|
|14-18 years||1,300 mg|
|19-50 years||1,000 mg|
|51-70 years (males)||1,000 mg|
|51-70 years (girls)||1,200 mg|
|71+ years||1,200 mg|
How calcium deficiency impacts your well being
Most of the calcium in your physique is saved in your bones and tooth. There’s a smaller quantity in your blood and tissues.
Your physique works onerous to take care of a gentle degree of calcium in your blood. If your blood degree falls since you’re not getting sufficient calcium in your weight-reduction plan, your bones will launch calcium to carry the extent up.
Over time, this course of can weaken your bones and result in:
- Osteoporosis: This situation is commonest in older adults. It includes a lack of bone mass and an elevated threat of fractures. Most individuals don’t have osteoporosis signs till a fracture happens.
- Rickets: This childhood illness causes skeletal deformities and delayed progress. Usually, rickets is because of vitamin D deficiency, however it could possibly additionally end result from low calcium.
Foods which are wealthy in calcium
Many meals can assist improve calcium in your weight-reduction plan, even in case you have lactose intolerance or eat a vegan weight-reduction plan. Try consuming a wide range of these meals to fulfill your every day calcium necessities:
Milk and dairy merchandise are among the many finest calcium sources. Just just a few servings per day may give you all of the calcium you want. When selecting dairy merchandise, don’t neglect to have a look at the energy, fats and sodium, which may be excessive in some dairy meals.
|Vanilla yogurt (low-fat)||8 ounces||388 mg|
|Milk, 1%||1 cup||310 mg|
|Ricotta cheese, entire milk||1/2 cup||289 mg|
|Greek yogurt, plain (low-fat)||8 ounces||261 mg|
|Cottage cheese, 2% fats||1 cup||227 mg|
|Cheddar cheese||1 ounce||200 mg|
Vegetables and fruit juices
Leafy greens and broccoli are glorious sources of calcium. Generally, fruits aren’t calcium-rich, however some juices are fortified. This means the producer has added calcium to the product. Fortified orange juice has extra calcium than a glass of milk.
|Orange juice, calcium-fortified||1 cup||349 mg|
|Collard greens, cooked||1 cup||268 mg|
|Spinach, cooked||1 cup||245 mg|
|Bok choy, cooked||1 cup||158 mg|
|Kale, cooked||1 cup||177 mg|
|Broccoli, cooked||1 cup||62 mg|
Some proteins, akin to tofu with added calcium sulfate, and canned fish with bones, are excessive in calcium. You might must learn the labels carefully to decipher which meals can ship your every day calcium dose.
|Tofu, ready with calcium sulfate||1/2 cup||434 mg|
|Sardines, canned, with bones||3 ounces||324 mg|
|Soy milk, fortified||1 cup||299 mg|
|Black beans, canned||1 cup||239 mg|
|Salmon, canned, with bones||3 ounces||181 mg|
Grains aren’t often wealthy in calcium however are an vital a part of a balanced weight-reduction plan. Some breads and cereals are fortified and is usually a nice choice for enhancing your calcium consumption. Check packaging and labels to search out fortified choices that you just may get pleasure from.
Nuts and seeds
Some nuts and seeds comprise a sturdy quantity of calcium. Try incorporating chia or sesame seeds right into a smoothie, salad or your morning cereal.
|Almond milk, unsweetened||1 cup||482 mg|
|Almonds||1/4 cup||92 mg|
|Sesame seeds||1 tablespoon||88 mg|
|Chia seeds||1 tablespoon||78 mg|
|Tahini (sesame butter or paste)||1 tablespoon||64 mg|
How to learn meals labels
Reading meals labels is a vital ability should you’re monitoring your calcium consumption.
Most meals labels let you know precisely what number of milligrams of calcium are in a serving. But some will solely listing the quantity of calcium as a proportion of the every day worth. In this case, you’ll should do a calculation.
The % of the every day really useful worth relies on 1,200 milligrams of calcium. If the precise milligrams of calcium aren’t listed, you’ll want to find out the quantity based mostly on the proportion. For instance, if one cup of milk is listed as 25% of the every day really useful worth, then 25% of 1,200 is 300, so it has 300 milligrams of calcium.
And don’t neglect to test the serving measurement. If you devour roughly than a serving, the quantity of calcium will change accordingly. So, if one cup of milk has 300 milligrams of calcium, a half-cup incorporates 150 milligrams.
Tips for individuals with lactose intolerance
Lactose intolerance is the shortcoming to digest lactose, a sort of sugar present in cow’s milk. It happens should you don’t have sufficient of the enzyme lactase, which helps you break down and digest lactose.
“People with lactose intolerance may still be able to eat dairy products with lower levels of milk sugar, such as hard cheeses and yogurt,” says DiMarino. “Everyone’s tolerance is a little different, so it might require some trial and error.”
Other calcium-rich choices DiMarino recommends in case you have lactose intolerance embody:
- Lactose-free dairy merchandise.
- Calcium-fortified drinks akin to soy milk, almond milk or fruit juice.
- Nondairy meals akin to leafy greens, canned salmon with bones, almonds and tofu processed with calcium sulfate.
To discover out the nutritional content of your favorite foods, the U.S. Department of Agriculture has a helpful device you should utilize.
When to take calcium dietary supplements
Supplements could also be an choice should you can’t get sufficient calcium in your weight-reduction plan. DiMarino recommends speaking to your healthcare supplier or dietitian earlier than taking a complement.
There are two essential varieties of calcium dietary supplements:
- Calcium carbonate is absorbed finest with meals.
- Calcium citrate may be taken with or with out meals.
Read the labels fastidiously to search out out the calcium ranges and serving measurement. And keep in mind that your physique can solely soak up about 500 milligrams at a time. If you want greater than that, DiMarino recommends spacing out the doses throughout the day.
How to know in case you have calcium deficiency
Since your bones weaken slowly over time, you won’t know should you aren’t getting sufficient calcium. Many individuals don’t discover any signs till a bone fractures.
To forestall fractures associated to osteoporosis, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends bone density screening for girls age 65 and older. Healthcare suppliers might also display screen postmenopausal girls beneath 65 who’re liable to creating osteoporosis.
The finest technique to know should you’re getting sufficient calcium is to concentrate to your weight-reduction plan. By selecting calcium-rich meals, you possibly can defend your bone well being now and into the longer term.